You have probably heard the word plagiarism about a million times as well as that it should be avoided. Everything seems quite clear. Everybody wants original papers and does not want to face the consequences of plagiarizing, as they are severe. However, even if you have written the whole paper by yourself, you might face such phenomena as accidental plagiarism or self-plagiarism. To avoid such unpleasant situations, we have created an article in which you will find what is plagiarism and its most common types as well as how to avoid plagiarism and submit original papers.
What is plagiarism
To deal with plagiarism, you will need to understand what plagiarism is. Plagiarism is the act of presenting someone else's ideas as your own. A plagiarism also takes place when you use some ideas but forget to mention the author. When you take some ideas from say the Internet where the author was not specified, this idea might have already been “stolen”, meaning you are facing unintentional plagiarism. When you want to finish your assignment fast, cannot focus on your homework, and copy paste some information from the website you found on the Internet, with no author you might think its ok as the author was not mentioned there. But it’s plagiarism, as you are using someone else’s intellectual property.
Plagiarism has become widespread as it has never been before. However, you can easily avoid it if you properly cite all the borrowed ideas.
What are the 4 types of plagiarism
There many are different types of plagiarism and they can be categorized based on different criteria. However, there are 4 main types that are widespread. We will discuss each of them in detail.
1. Direct plagiarism
Direct plagiarism is also known as copy-paste or word-for-word. It is, probably, the most common and the most severe type of plagiarism. Direct plagiarism occurs when the information from the original source is used directly in other work without mentioning the author. Often, it is unintentional and happens when a student takes information from a not reliable source where the information is already plagiarized and the author is not specified.
2. Mosaic plagiarism
Students often resort to mosaic plagiarism, which is also referred to as patchwork plagiarism. When students have too much homework and don’t have sufficient time to complete the task or conduct a research, they might resort to this type of plagiarism. Mosaic plagiarism occurs when the writer takes pieces of information from different sources on the same topic and combines it into one work. It is rather frequent practice among busy college students, and it’s a kind of homework cheating.
3. Self plagiarism
Self plagiarism happens when a student uses their own ideas from previous works or used ready paper from the different courses with slight changes. It might also happen unintentionally as you present your own same ideas several times. You might ask How? These are my own ideas, how can it be considered plagiarism? Yes, it is. As those ideas have already been presented, you should cite them.
4. Unintentional or accidental plagiarism
Accidental plagiarism is the most unpleasant. From the very title, you understand that it happens unintentionally. For example, he student has written the paper, provided the sources information has been taken from, but the sources turned out to be unreliable and the information in them turns out to be fake, faulty, or already plagiarized. In such a case, a student is faced with unintentional or accidental plagiarism.
What happens if you plagiarize
So, what happens if you plagiarize? We’ll say It’s better not to. Stay on the safe side and complete original works. However, if it happens that you are accused of plagiarizing, the consequences can be different. The point is that plagiarism is a serious issues, which is not welcomed in academic institutions. The punishment depends on your professor and academic institution rules. You may either receive a bad mark or be expelled. This is the list of the possible consequences:
- The plagiarism will be not noticed. It happens rarely; most often, when you submit hand-written works
- Professor asks you to rewrite the work and submit a 100% original assignment
- You get an F for the course. And your should believe that it is not the harshest punishment although it is really unpleasant
- You get expelled from the educational establishment. This is the most severe punishment for plagiarizing.
Thus, when you decide to plagiarize, think it over. It is better to receive C for the poorly written paper that submit an A-looking plagiarized assignment and lose your diploma.
How to avoid plagiarism. 6 effective ways to write original papers
Plagiarizing has a series of unpleasant consequences. Thus, always try to complete original papers and check your papers for plagiarism. We have collected the most effective strategies that will help you avoid plagiarism:
1.Understand what is considered plagiarism
To avoid plagiarism, you should know what is plagiarism and know about its types. Quite often plagiarizing is unintentional and happens because a person does not know that they are plagiarizing. Actually, it is a case of accidental plagiarism. However, regardless of the fact whether intentional or unintentional, the fact is that it is plagiarism and the consequences will be the same in both cases.
2. Use your own ideas
For sure, the most effective way to avoid plagiarism is using your own original ideas. However, even in this case, you may face unintentional plagiarism or self-plagiarism. Thus, be careful.
3. Cite all the borrowed ideas
Another effective way to avoid plagiarism is citing all the borrowed information. Regardless of whether it is a print book, journal, or an online article. You should properly cite all those ideas. There are different formatting styles for properly organizing the quotes and in-text citations. It all depends on the format assigned by the instructor. The most common formatting styles are APA, MLA, Harvard, and Chicago (Turabian). Learn the peculiarities of the necessary format and organize your citations accordingly.
4. Use reliable sources and understand what should be cited
One of the important rules is using reliable sources when writing, better primary ones. It often happens that a student uses a secondary-source, properly cites it, but is accused of plagiarism because that source is not credible and provides fake information or relies on a non-existent primary source.
Thus, always use reliable sources and double-check the information in them. For the academic assignments, sources ending in .gov and .edu are 100% reliable.
5. Paraphrase and quote
Paraphrase the ideas and add in-text citations. A student cannot used only direct quotes with an endless number of quotation marks on paper. They should show they understand what they are writing about. Thus, paraphrase the ideas you want to use and don’t forget to mention the author. When using direct quotes, it is important to specify the exact page as well as provide your explanation of the borrowed idea after quotations. It will be a demonstration of the fact that you understand the quote and are not quoting blindly. Don’t forget, when citing, it must be clear who said what.
6. Use plagiarism checker
The most effective way to avoid plagiarism is to use plagiarism checkers. There are plenty of them these days and many of them are free. For example, Grammarly. They often have limited options. But if you use a paid version, you will also receive your paper checked for grammar as well as stylistic mistakes.
How to avoid self plagiarism
You may ask Whys is using your own works considered plagiarism?. The answer is simple, it does not seem plagiarism for you. But when other people check two works with similar ideas, it is considered plagiarism. For sure, you should understand the difference between self-plagiarism and supporting your view-point. There are the ways to avoid self-plagiarism
- Consult with you professor to know whether using you previous works is acceptable
- Do not reuse your works for different subjects
- Use your previous works to supports your new ideas and not instead of them
- Avoid copy-pasting
- Do not submit the same work to different professors
- Use original ideas
Need a 100% original paper?
Everybody wants to submit original works only. But sometimes students don’t know how to avoid plagiarism. If you want to submit an original quality paper, resort to online writing service. Our writers will complete a 100% original paper based on your instructions fast and effectively. You will also be able to receive a plagiarism report as a proof of the paper originality.